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Traditional Greek cuisine – How to make pastitsio

Traditional Greek cuisine - How to make pastitsio



Traditional Greek cuisine - How to make pastitsio


For the ground meat

  • Place a pan over high heat.
  • Add 2 tablespoons of olive oil, the finely chopped onions, 1 tablespoon granulated sugar and finely chopped thyme.
  • Sauté for 3-4 minutes, until the onions caramelize nicely.
  • Add the garlic and continue to sauté.
  • Add the tomato paste and sauté for at least 2 minutes. It is important to sauté the tomato paste to give it a more intense flavor.
  • Add the ground meat. Break it up with a wooden spoon and brown for 4-5 minutes. At this point you may need to add another 2 tablespoons of olive oil.
  • Add the wine and let the alcohol evaporate.
  • Add the canned tomatoes, cinnamon, sugar, bouillon cubes and bay leaves.
  • Turn the heat down to low and simmer for 10-20 minutes, until the sauce reduces and the ground meat is cooked.
  • When ready, remove from heat. Discard the bay leaves and set aside until needed.

For the béchamel sauce

  • Heat the butter in a pot over medium heat. As soon as it melts (do not let it burn), add the flour. Beat with a hand whisk and sauté the flour for a few minutes.
  • Scrape down the sides of the pot to release any flour, so it doesn’t burn.
  • Add the milk, in small batches, whisking continuously so that no lumps form in the mixture.
  • The mixture will be quite thick at first. You need to be persistent and patient.  As you add more and more of the milk, you will see how the béchamel sauce will start to become nice and creamy.
  • When the béchamel sauce starts to thicken, you have to be very careful not to let it burn on the bottom. Whisk continuously to avoid this.
  • When ready, remove from heat and add salt, pepper, nutmeg and all of the grated gruyere, apart from 1 tablespoon which will be added at the end of the recipe.
  • To complete, add the 3 egg yolks and whisk to incorporate.
  • Set aside until needed.

For the pasta

  • Add the pasta to a pot full of salted water. Boil 1-2 minutes less than the instructions on the box. They need to be al dente because they will cook further in the oven, so do not overcook.
  • Brush a baking pan with olive oil.
  • When the pasta is ready, drain and spread in the baking pan
  • Add the 2 eggs, lightly beaten, a generous amount of thyme, parsley and crumbled feta cheese.
  • Season to taste and set aside until needed.Traditional Greek cuisine - How to make pastitsio

To assemble

  • Preheat oven to 180* C (350* F) Fan.
  • Bring back the baking pan containing the pasta mixture.
  • To the ground meat, add a ladleful of the béchamel sauce. Mix until completely incorporated.
  • The béchamel sauce will make the ground meat mixture hold together better when serving.
  • Spread the ground meat mixture over the pasta in the baking pan.
  • Pour the remaining béchamel sauce over the ground meat.
  • Last, sprinkle the reserved grated gruyere over the top. You can also add some small cubes of butter.
  • Bake for 40 minutes or until the béchamel turns golden brown.



Source: Akis Petretzikis webpage